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Online Tutoriale Setting File Handles

Posted by ascultradio on September 3, 2009

Setting File Handles :

The maximum number of file handles specifies the maximum number of open files on a Linux system.

Oracle recommends that the file handles for the entire system is set to at least 65536 for 9i R2 and 10g R1/2 for x86 and x86-64 platforms.

To determine the maximum number of file handles for the entire system, run:

cat /proc/sys/fs/file-max

To determine the current usage of file handles, run:

$ cat /proc/sys/fs/file-nr
1154    133     8192

The file-nr file displays three parameters:
– Total allocated file handles
– Currently number of used file handles (2.4 kernel); Currently number of unused file handles (2.6 kernel)
– Maximum file handles that can be allocated (see also /proc/sys/fs/file-max)

The kernel dynamically allocates file handles whenever a file handle is requested by an application but the kernel does not free these file handles when they are released by the application. The kernel recycles these file handles instead. This means that over time the total number of allocated file handles will increase even though the number of currently used file handles may be low.

The maximum number of file handles can be changed in the proc file system without reboot:

# echo 65536 > /proc/sys/fs/file-max

Alternatively, you can use sysctl(8) to change it:

# sysctl -w fs.file-max=65536

To make the change permanent, add or change the following line in the file /etc/sysctl.conf. This file is used during the boot process.

# echo "fs.file-max=65536" >> /etc/sysctl.conf

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