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Online Tutoriale Configure DNS Server in Windows

Posted by ascultradio on September 18, 2009

How to Configure the DNS Server in Windows

To configure DNS by using the DNS snap-in in Microsoft Management Console (MMC), follow these steps:

1. Click Start, point to Programs, point to Administrative Tools, and then click DNS.
2. Right-click Forward lookup zones, and then click New Zone
3. When the New Zone Wizard starts, click Next.

You are prompted for a zone type. The zone types include:

Primary zone: Creates a copy of a zone that can be updated directly on this server. This zone information is stored in a .dns text file.
Secondary zone: A standard secondary zone copies all of the information from its master DNS server. A master DNS server can be an Active Directory, primary, or secondary zone that is configured for zone transfers. Note that you cannot modify the zone data on a secondary DNS server. All of its data is copied from its master DNS server.
Stub zone: A Stub zone contains only those resource records that are necessary to identify the authoritative DNS servers for that zone. Those resource records include Name Server (NS), Start of Authority (SOA), and possibly glue Host (A) records.

There is also an option to the store zone in Active Directory. This option is only available if the DNS server is a Domain controller.

4. The new forward lookup zone must be a primary or an Active Directory-integrated zone so that it can accept dynamic updates. Click Primary, and then click Next.
5. The new zone contains the locator records for this Active Directory-based domain. The name of the zone must be the same as the name of the Active Directory-based domain, or be a logical DNS container for that name. For example, if the Active Directory-based domain is named “support.microsoft.com”, valid zone names are “support.microsoft.com” only.

Accept the default name for the new zone file. Click Next.

NOTE: Experienced DNS administrators may want to create a reverse lookup zone, and are encouraged to explore this branch of the wizard. A DNS server can resolve two basic requests: a forward lookup and a reverse lookup. A forward lookup is more common. A forward lookup resolves a host name to an IP address with an “A” or Host Resource record. A reverse lookup resolves an IP address to a host name with a PTR or Pointer Resource record. If you have your reverse DNS zones configured, you can automatically create associated reverse records when you create your original forward record.

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